a 2 slide Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation with speaker notes, as a lesson to explain how to use a z-test to test the null hypothesis. an example to illustrate your lesson. 1 peer-reviewed resource as references.

The Z-test is a widely used statistical test that allows researchers to test a null hypothesis about the population mean when the population standard deviation is known. This test is particularly helpful when the sample size is large and the data follows a normal distribution. In this presentation, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to use the z-test to test the null hypothesis. To illustrate our lesson, we will use an example related to the effectiveness of a new weight loss program.

Slide 1:

Title: Introduction to Z-test

– Begin the presentation with an attention-grabbing title, such as “Understanding the Z-test: Testing the Null Hypothesis.”

– Include a brief overview of the z-test and its purpose: The z-test is a statistical test that helps researchers determine if there is a significant difference between the sample mean and the hypothesized population mean when the population standard deviation is known.

Slide 2:

Title: Steps to Conduct a Z-test

– Provide a step-by-step breakdown of the z-test process using the following key points:

1. State the hypothesis: Begin by stating the null hypothesis (H0) and alternative hypothesis (Ha). In our weight loss program example, the null hypothesis could be that the mean weight loss in the population is equal to zero, whereas the alternative hypothesis could be that the mean weight loss is greater than zero.

2. Set the significance level (α): Determine the significance level (α), which represents the acceptable level of error in rejecting the null hypothesis. Commonly used significance levels are 0.05 and 0.01.

3. Calculate the test statistic: Calculate the test statistic, z, using the formula:

z = (sample mean – population mean) / (population standard deviation / √n)

Where:

– sample mean represents the mean of the sample data

– population mean represents the hypothesized mean

– population standard deviation represents the known standard deviation of the population

– n represents the sample size

4. Determine the critical value: Look up the critical value(s) from the z-table corresponding to the chosen significance level (α) and the directionality of the test (one-tailed or two-tailed).

5. Compare the test statistic to the critical value(s): If the absolute value of the calculated test statistic is greater than the critical value, reject the null hypothesis; otherwise, fail to reject the null hypothesis.

6. Interpret the results: Based on the decision made in the previous step, interpret the results. In our weight loss program example, if the test statistic is greater than the critical value, we can conclude that the weight loss program has a significant effect.

Speaker Notes:

Slide 1:

– The z-test is a statistical test that helps researchers determine whether there is a significant difference between the sample mean and the hypothesized population mean when the population standard deviation is known.

– This test is commonly used when sample sizes are large and the data follows a normal distribution.

Slide 2:

– Step 1: State the hypothesis

– We begin by stating the null hypothesis (H0) and alternative hypothesis (Ha).

– In our weight loss program example, the null hypothesis could be that the mean weight loss in the population is equal to zero, while the alternative hypothesis could be that the mean weight loss is greater than zero.

– Step 2: Set the significance level (α)

– We need to determine the significance level (α) to represent the acceptable level of error in rejecting the null hypothesis.

– Common significance levels are 0.05 and 0.01.

– Step 3: Calculate the test statistic

– The test statistic, z, is calculated using the formula: z = (sample mean – population mean) / (population standard deviation / √n)

– Here, the sample mean represents the mean of the sample data, the population mean represents the hypothesized mean, the population standard deviation represents the known standard deviation of the population, and n represents the sample size.

– Step 4: Determine the critical value

– We must look up the critical value(s) from the z-table corresponding to the chosen significance level (α) and the directionality of the test (one-tailed or two-tailed).

– This critical value helps determine the threshold for rejecting the null hypothesis.

– Step 5: Compare the test statistic to the critical value(s)

– If the absolute value of the calculated test statistic is greater than the critical value, we reject the null hypothesis.

– Otherwise, we fail to reject the null hypothesis.

– Step 6: Interpret the results

– Based on the decision made in the previous step, we interpret the results.

– In our weight loss program example, if the test statistic is greater than the critical value, we can conclude that the weight loss program has a significant effect.