a description of two ways the guidelines in Walden Universi…

a description of two ways the guidelines in Walden University’s IRB document may impact the selection of a research population, research setting, and/or research design. Please use the resources to support your answer.

The guidelines outlined in Walden University’s Institutional Review Board (IRB) document play a critical role in ensuring the ethical conduct of research. These guidelines can significantly impact the selection of research population, research setting, and research design. This response will explore two ways in which the IRB guidelines may influence these aspects of a research study.

Firstly, the IRB guidelines may impact the selection of a research population. The IRB document emphasizes the need for researchers to prioritize the protection of human subjects and to ensure equitable representation and inclusion. Researchers must carefully consider the inclusion and exclusion criteria for their study population to ensure that it aligns with these ethical principles.

In the case of a study involving vulnerable populations, such as children, the IRB guidelines may require special precautions to guarantee their protection and welfare. Researchers must justify their selection of these populations, taking into account potential risks and benefits, balancing the need for the study’s objectives with the potential harm to the participants. This process ensures the appropriate selection and consideration of research populations that may be more susceptible to undue harm or exploitation.

Furthermore, the IRB guidelines may also impact the selection of a research setting. The guidelines promote the conduct of ethical research within appropriate contexts, considering the potential influence of the setting on the research outcomes and participant experiences. Researchers must carefully evaluate the environmental, social, and cultural factors of their chosen setting to ensure that the research will be conducted in an appropriate and respectful manner.

For instance, when selecting a research setting for a study involving a specific cultural or ethnic group, researchers must consider the potential impact of cultural sensitivity, inclusivity, and respect. The guidelines encourage researchers to engage with community members, seek their input, and incorporate their perspectives when determining the research setting. This approach helps to promote mutual understanding and respect, reducing the potential for harm or exploitation.

In addition to influencing the selection of research population and setting, the IRB guidelines also impact research design. The guidelines emphasize the importance of designing studies that minimize potential harm to participants and maximize scientific validity. Researchers must carefully consider the study design to ensure it adheres to ethical principles and meets the intended research objectives.

For instance, the IRB guidelines may require researchers to use different methodologies or data collection techniques to minimize potential harm or discomfort to participants. In studies involving sensitive topics, such as trauma or stigmatized populations, researchers may need to implement additional measures to safeguard participant well-being and confidentiality. These measures might include providing support resources, obtaining informed consent, or ensuring strict data security.

Furthermore, the IRB guidelines promote the use of rigorous research designs that generate reliable and valid findings. Researchers must demonstrate that the chosen research design is appropriate for addressing the research question at hand and that it follows best practices in the specific field of study. The guidelines may require researchers to justify the use of specific research designs, such as experimental, qualitative, or mixed methods approaches, providing a clear rationale for their choice.

In summary, the guidelines set forth in Walden University’s IRB document have significant implications for the selection of research population, research setting, and research design. These guidelines prioritize the protection of human subjects, equitable representation, and ethical conduct. Researchers must navigate these guidelines to ensure that their study populations are selected and treated ethically, that their research settings are appropriate and respectful, and that their research designs minimize harm and maximize scientific validity. By adhering to these guidelines, researchers uphold the highest ethical standards in their research endeavors.

References:

Walden University Institutional Review Board. (2021). Research Ethics & Compliance. Retrieved from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/research-center/ethics