Compare and contrast bulimia and anorexia symptoms and treat…

Compare and contrast bulimia and anorexia symptoms and treatments. How are they the same and how are they different? Just need 125 words. Use in text citations in complete 6th edition APA format.

Bulimia and anorexia nervosa are two distinct eating disorders that share some similarities in their symptoms but differ in terms of diagnostic criteria and treatment strategies. This paper aims to compare and contrast the symptoms and treatments of these two disorders.

Firstly, bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, or excessive exercise, all aimed at preventing weight gain (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). On the other hand, anorexia nervosa is characterized by a refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, and a distorted body image (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Furthermore, both disorders are marked by significant physical and psychological consequences. Individuals with bulimia nervosa often experience dental problems, electrolyte imbalances, gastrointestinal issues, and irregular menstrual cycles (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In contrast, individuals with anorexia nervosa may suffer from severe weight loss, bone loss, cardiovascular problems, and even death in severe cases (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Despite these similarities, several differences exist between the two disorders. For instance, the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa include a refusal to maintain a normal body weight and a body mass index (BMI) of less than or equal to 17.5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In contrast, bulimia nervosa does not have specific weight criteria for diagnosis but is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Additionally, the treatment strategies for these disorders also differ. The primary treatment approach for anorexia nervosa involves restoring weight to a healthy range, usually through a combination of medical, dietary, and psychotherapeutic interventions (Zipfel et al., 2015). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is commonly used to address the distorted thoughts and beliefs about weight, shape, and food that often accompany anorexia nervosa (Fairburn et al., 2003). In contrast, the treatment of bulimia nervosa often involves a combination of nutritional counseling, psychoeducation, and CBT-focused interventions targeting binge eating and purging behaviors (Wilson, 2011).

In conclusion, bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are two eating disorders with overlapping symptoms but distinct differences in diagnostic criteria and treatment approaches. While both disorders can result in significant physical and psychological consequences, anorexia nervosa is characterized by a refusal to maintain a normal body weight, whereas bulimia nervosa is marked by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors. The treatment of anorexia nervosa focuses on weight restoration and cognitive-behavioral therapy, while the treatment for bulimia nervosa emphasizes nutritional counseling and interventions addressing binge eating and purging behaviors. It is crucial for healthcare professionals to recognize and understand these differences to provide appropriate care and interventions tailored to these specific eating disorders.