you… Cite your sources . You will construct an art journal using Microsoft Word. The three terms that historians use to examine a piece of art are color, line, and proportion. 2 pages

Title: Analysis of “The Crucifixion” Artwork from the Art Institute of Chicago

Source Citation:
The Art Institute of Chicago. (n.d.). The Crucifixion (No. 80084). Retrieved from

“The Crucifixion” is an artwork housed in the Art Institute of Chicago’s collection (Art Institute of Chicago, n.d.). This art journal aims to analyze the artwork in terms of color, line, and proportion according to the perspective of art historians. By examining these three elements, we can gain a deeper understanding of the artwork and its significance.

Color plays a vital role in visual arts, and its usage in “The Crucifixion” contributes to the overall mood and meaning of the artwork. The palette employed by the artist consists mainly of muted, somber tones, suggesting a solemn and melancholic atmosphere. Dominant colors include various shades of brown, gray, and black. This subdued color scheme evokes a somber mood and emphasizes the solemnity of the crucifixion scene depicted in the artwork. The limited use of brighter colors, such as red and yellow, in the blood spilled on the crucifixion figure’s arms and the crown of thorns, creates visual highlights that draw the viewer’s attention.

Lines are fundamental elements that help to define forms and shapes within an artwork. In “The Crucifixion,” the artist employs both curvilinear and rectilinear lines to convey various aspects of the composition. The curvilinear lines primarily appear in the depiction of the human figures and the surrounding landscape. The flowing, sinuous lines of the figures’ bodies and garments contribute to a sense of movement and evoke a feeling of sorrow and agony.

Contrasting with the curvilinear elements, rectilinear lines are utilized in the architectural structures in the background. The rigid, straight lines of the buildings and crosses serve as a contrast to the fluid lines of the figures and contribute to the composition’s sense of stability and monumentality. The interplay between curvilinear and rectilinear lines creates a dynamic tension within the artwork and accentuates the emotional impact of the crucifixion scene.

Proportion refers to the relationship between the different elements within an artwork. In “The Crucifixion,” the artist employs a realistic approach to proportion, accurately depicting the human figures in relation to one another and to the architectural elements in the background. The crucifixion figure is depicted as larger than the surrounding figures, emphasizing his central role within the composition. This larger proportion enhances the emotional impact of the artwork and draws attention to the suffering and sacrifice depicted.

Furthermore, the proportional relationship between the crucifixion figure and the figures of Mary and John also plays a significant role. Mary and John, depicted on either side of the crucifixion figure, are smaller in proportion, symbolizing their subordinate roles in the composition. This visual hierarchy reinforces the narrative of the crucifixion, highlighting the importance of the central figure and his relationship to the figures surrounding him.

“The Crucifixion” is a compelling artwork that showcases the artist’s skill in the use of color, line, and proportion. The muted color scheme, the interplay of curvilinear and rectilinear lines, and the skillful handling of proportions contribute to the overall emotional impact of the artwork. Through this analysis, we have gained a deeper understanding of the artistic techniques employed in “The Crucifixion” and the ways in which they enhance the artwork’s meaning and significance.

Art Institute of Chicago. (n.d.). The Crucifixion (No. 80084). Retrieved from