it is a discussion post titile of the article need to be used TOWARD A LIFE SPAN THEORY OF CLOSE RELATIONSHIP: THE AFFECTIVE RELATIONSHIPS MODEL. citation and references are required Purchase the answer to view it
Toward a Life Span Theory of Close Relationships: The Affective Relationships Model
Close relationships play a crucial role in individuals’ lives across the lifespan. These relationships provide a sense of belonging, emotional support, and overall life satisfaction. Over the years, researchers have developed various theories and models to understand and explain the dynamics and complexities of close relationships. One such model is the Affective Relationships Model, which aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of close relationships from a life span perspective.
The Affective Relationships Model, proposed by Collins and Feeney (2000), focuses on the emotional bond between individuals in close relationships. It recognizes that close relationships undergo various transformations from infancy to old age and seeks to explain the patterns and developmental trajectories of these relationships. The model suggests that the affective qualities of closeness, security, and responsiveness are essential elements of close relationships across different developmental stages.
According to the Affective Relationships Model, the characteristics and dynamics of close relationships can be understood using two dimensions: internal working models and relationship schemas. Internal working models refer to the mental representations of attachment figures and the self, whereas relationship schemas are the generalized beliefs and expectations about relationships.
In the early stages of life, infants develop internal working models through interactions with their primary caregivers. These models form the basis for future relationships and influence individuals’ expectations and behaviors in close relationships. As individuals grow older, their relationship schemas become more complex, integrating the experiences and beliefs acquired throughout their lives.
The Affective Relationships Model proposes that these internal working models and relationship schemas interact with each other and shape individuals’ emotions, thoughts, and behaviors in close relationships. For example, individuals with secure internal working models and positive relationship schemas are likely to experience close relationships characterized by trust, satisfaction, and effective communication. On the other hand, individuals with insecure internal working models and negative relationship schemas may struggle with trust issues, fear of abandonment, and difficulties in forming and maintaining close relationships.
Moreover, the Affective Relationships Model recognizes that close relationships are dynamic and multifaceted, evolving over time. It emphasizes the importance of considering developmental and contextual factors in understanding close relationships. For instance, the model acknowledges that transitions such as marriage, parenting, and retirement can significantly impact the dynamics and quality of close relationships.
In addition to developmental factors, the Affective Relationships Model highlights the influence of cultural, social, and individual factors on close relationships. Cultural norms and values shape individuals’ expectations and behaviors in relationships, while social support networks provide a context for close relationship development and maintenance. Individual factors such as personality traits, attachment styles, and interpersonal skills also play a role in shaping close relationships.
Overall, the Affective Relationships Model offers a comprehensive framework for understanding close relationships across the lifespan. By considering the interplay of internal working models, relationship schemas, developmental factors, and contextual influences, the model provides insights into the dynamics, quality, and growth of close relationships. This model can serve as a theoretical basis for further research on close relationships, informing interventions and strategies for promoting healthy and satisfying close relationships throughout the life span.
In conclusion, close relationships are essential for individuals’ well-being and life satisfaction. The Affective Relationships Model offers a theoretical framework for understanding the complexities of close relationships from a life span perspective. By considering the emotional bond, internal working models, relationship schemas, and various contextual and developmental factors, the model deepens our understanding of the dynamics and quality of close relationships across different stages of life. Further research and application of the Affective Relationships Model can contribute to promoting healthy and fulfilling close relationships throughout the life span.