MUST LOGIN at 6:30pm Eastern Time. Multiple choice & short answer questions. PLEASE use correct English for short answer and keep the answer SHORT. Book used: Arnett, J., (2013). Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood, 5th Edition. Pearson Education Inc. Purchase the answer to view it
The book “Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood” by Jeffrey Arnett provides a comprehensive understanding of the developmental period spanning from adolescence to young adulthood. The fifth edition of this book, published by Pearson Education Inc. in 2013, explores various aspects of this crucial period in an individual’s life. This assignment aims to answer multiple-choice and short-answer questions based on the content of this book.
1) From a cultural perspective, what is true about adolescence?
A) Adolescence is a universally recognized stage of development.
B) Adolescence is an entirely Western construct.
C) Adolescence is only recognized in developed countries.
D) Adolescence is a recent concept that did not exist in ancient societies.
The correct answer to this question is D) Adolescence is a recent concept that did not exist in ancient societies. Arnett provides insight into how adolescence is a relatively new idea that emerged with the advent of modernization. In ancient societies, there were often clear transitions from childhood to adulthood without an intermediate stage of adolescence as we understand it today.
2) What is a key feature of the postformal thought?
A) Black-and-white thinking
B) Logical reasoning
C) Flexible thinking
D) Concrete operational thinking
The correct answer to this question is C) Flexible thinking. Arnett explains that postformal thought is characterized by the ability to consider multiple perspectives and engage in flexible thinking. Unlike more rigid forms of thinking, postformal thought allows individuals to navigate complex and ambiguous situations, considering various possibilities and adapting to new information.
3) According to Arnett, what are the most significant changes during emerging adulthood?
A) Physical changes
B) Cognitive changes
C) Emotional changes
D) All of the above
The correct answer to this question is D) All of the above. Arnett emphasizes that emerging adulthood is a period of significant changes across multiple domains. It is a time of physical growth and development, as well as cognitive and emotional changes. These changes contribute to the overall transition from adolescence to adulthood.
4) What is the primary factor that differentiates emerging adulthood from other developmental periods?
A) Financial independence
C) Parental dependence
D) Completion of education
The correct answer to this question is C) Parental dependence. Arnett argues that the primary factor that distinguishes emerging adulthood from other developmental periods is the extent of parental dependence. Unlike adolescence where individuals tend to rely more on their parents, emerging adults are characterized by their increasing desire and ability to become independent from their parents.
5) According to Arnett, what is one of the main factors contributing to the prolonged period of emerging adulthood in Western societies?
A) Economic factors
B) Cultural factors
C) Educational factors
D) Social factors
The correct answer to this question is C) Educational factors. Arnett asserts that one of the key factors that contributes to the prolonged period of emerging adulthood in Western societies is the increased emphasis on education. Pursuing higher education and acquiring the necessary qualifications for employment often delays the full transition to adulthood.
In conclusion, “Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood” by Jeffrey Arnett offers valuable insights into the developmental period encompassing adolescence and emerging adulthood. It explores cultural, cognitive, and social aspects of this stage, emphasizing the unique features and challenges faced by individuals during this time. By answering the multiple-choice and short-answer questions based on the content of this book, a deeper understanding of the topics covered can be achieved.