PSY-470 Topic 1 DQ 1 Using your textbook and readings, give…

PSY-470 Topic 1 DQ 1 Using your textbook and readings, give an example of an abnormal behavior and identify the school of thought associated with it. Use in-text citations in complete 6th edition APA format.

Introduction

Abnormal behavior refers to patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that deviate from societal norms and are considered detrimental to an individual’s well-being and functioning (Kring et al., 2016). The study of abnormal behavior is a central component of abnormal psychology and involves examining various perspectives or schools of thought in order to understand and explain the causes and treatments of abnormal behavior. In this discussion, I will provide an example of abnormal behavior and identify the school of thought associated with it, drawing from the textbook and relevant readings in the field.

Example of Abnormal Behavior

One example of abnormal behavior is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD is a psychological disorder characterized by persistent, intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive, ritualistic behaviors or mental acts (compulsions) that interfere with an individual’s daily life and cause distress (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Individuals with OCD often engage in compulsive behaviors as a way to alleviate the anxiety and distress caused by their obsessive thoughts, even though these behaviors are not connected to the feared outcome.

School of Thought Associated with OCD

The cognitive-behavioral school of thought is associated with the understanding and treatment of OCD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based approach that has been widely used to address OCD symptoms (Barsky et al., 2014). According to this perspective, individuals with OCD have cognitive distortions or maladaptive beliefs that contribute to the development and maintenance of their obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors.

Cognitive factors play a central role in the cognitive-behavioral model of OCD. For example, individuals with OCD may have an exaggerated sense of responsibility, believing that their thoughts or actions have the power to prevent harm or disasters. They may also engage in perfectionistic thinking, striving for certainty and orderliness in their lives.

In addition to cognitive factors, the behavioral component of CBT for OCD focuses on exposure and response prevention (ERP). ERP involves deliberately exposing individuals to situations or thoughts that trigger their obsessions and preventing the engagement in their usual compulsive behaviors. Through repeated exposure to anxiety-provoking stimuli and prevention of the associated rituals, individuals with OCD can gradually learn to tolerate and manage their distress without resorting to compulsions (Abramowitz et al., 2014).

CBT for OCD has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms and improving functioning in individuals with OCD (Abramowitz et al., 2014). The goal of treatment from a cognitive-behavioral perspective is to help individuals challenge and modify their maladaptive beliefs and cognitive distortions, as well as to develop alternative coping strategies to manage their anxiety and distress.

Conclusion

In conclusion, abnormal behavior refers to patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that deviate from societal norms and are considered detrimental to an individual’s well-being and functioning. One example of abnormal behavior is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which is characterized by persistent, intrusive thoughts and repetitive, ritualistic behaviors. The cognitive-behavioral school of thought is associated with the understanding and treatment of OCD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based approach that addresses OCD symptoms by focusing on cognitive distortions and engaging individuals in exposure and response prevention. CBT for OCD has shown efficacy in reducing symptoms and enhancing functioning. Understanding different schools of thought, such as the cognitive-behavioral perspective, is essential in comprehending the complexities of abnormal behavior and developing effective treatment approaches.