ReferencesHarrod, M., Miller, E. M., Henry, J., & Zivin, K…

References Harrod, M., Miller, E. M., Henry, J., & Zivin, K. (2017). “I’ve never been able to stay in a job”: A qualitative study of Veterans’ experiences of maintaining employment. , (2), 259–268.

Harrod, Miller, Henry, and Zivin (2017) conducted a qualitative study with the aim of exploring the experiences of veterans in maintaining employment. This research is highly relevant and significant, as understanding the challenges faced by veterans in the workforce is crucial for improving their employment outcomes and overall well-being. In this paper, I will provide a summary and critical analysis of the study conducted by Harrod et al. (2017) and discuss its implications.

The researchers employed a qualitative research design, specifically using semi-structured interviews to gather rich and detailed data from a sample of veterans. The sample comprised of 20 veterans, with a mix of male and female participants and diversity in terms of age, race, and military experience. The participants were recruited through online advertisements and snowball sampling. The researchers conducted face-to-face interviews lasting approximately 60 to 90 minutes with each participant, which were audio-recorded and transcribed for analysis.

The analysis of the data followed a thematic analysis approach, involving coding and categorizing the data into themes and subthemes. The researchers used a combination of deductive and inductive coding techniques, initially developing a coding framework based on the research questions and then allowing additional codes to emerge from the data. This iterative process allowed for a comprehensive analysis of the interviews, capturing both anticipated and unanticipated themes.

The findings of the study revealed several key themes related to the challenges faced by veterans in maintaining employment. One prominent theme was the difficulty of transitioning from military to civilian work environments. Many veterans reported struggling to adapt to the cultural differences, norms, and expectations of civilian workplaces. They faced challenges in understanding the unwritten rules and social dynamics, which impacted their ability to connect with co-workers and supervisors. Additionally, veterans mentioned the lack of structure and hierarchy in civilian workplaces compared to the military, leading to feelings of confusion and frustration.

Another significant theme that emerged from the data was the impact of mental health issues on employment for veterans. Participants spoke extensively about their experiences with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety, which presented significant barriers to maintaining employment. Veterans described feeling overwhelmed, easily triggered, and experiencing difficulty concentrating or staying focused. These symptoms often contributed to absenteeism, reduced productivity, and strained relationships with co-workers. Moreover, veterans expressed frustration at the lack of understanding and accommodation for their mental health issues within the workplace.

The study also highlighted the challenges veterans faced in navigating the healthcare system and accessing appropriate support services. Many participants discussed difficulties in obtaining timely and adequate mental health care, as well as facing barriers to securing disability benefits. This lack of support further exacerbated their challenges in maintaining stable employment.

The findings of this study have important implications for policy and practice. Firstly, they underscore the need for increased awareness and education around the unique challenges faced by veterans in the workforce. Employers and co-workers should be trained to understand and accommodate the needs of veterans, particularly regarding mental health issues. Workplace policies should be developed to provide support and resources for veterans, such as flexible work arrangements, employee assistance programs, and referrals to appropriate healthcare services. Additionally, the study suggests the importance of improving the transition process for veterans, providing adequate support and resources for their reintegration into civilian workplaces.

In conclusion, Harrod et al. (2017) conducted a qualitative study to explore the experiences of veterans in maintaining employment. The findings highlighted the challenges faced by veterans in transitioning to civilian work environments, managing mental health issues, and accessing adequate support services. The study underscores the need for increased awareness, education, and support for veterans in the workforce. The implications of this research are crucial for improving the employment outcomes and overall well-being of veterans. Further research is needed to develop and evaluate interventions aimed at addressing these challenges and promoting successful employment for veterans.