Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words: *** 3 different answers for this question***** Which of the ethical decision-making models, discussed in the introduction of , do you use most? Why?
One of the ethical decision-making models that I use most is the Utilitarian model. Developed by philosophers such as John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham, Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory that focuses on maximizing overall happiness and minimizing overall pain. In decision-making, I prioritize the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
I find the Utilitarian model to be compelling because it takes into consideration the broader impact of decisions on society as a whole. By promoting the wellbeing of the majority, Utilitarianism aligns with the goal of creating a just and equitable society. It also provides a clear framework for evaluating the consequences of different actions and choosing the option that leads to the most favorable outcome for the greatest number of individuals.
Another reason why I favor the Utilitarian model is its emphasis on objectivity. Unlike some other ethical frameworks that rely on subjective moral principles or religious beliefs, Utilitarianism provides a more objective basis for decision-making. The focus on measurable outcomes allows for a systematic analysis of the costs and benefits associated with different choices.
Furthermore, the Utilitarian model encourages a critical examination of long-term consequences, which helps mitigate the potential for short-sighted decision-making. By considering the potential impacts of decisions on future generations and the environment, Utilitarianism promotes sustainability and intergenerational equity.
While the Utilitarian model offers significant advantages, it is not without criticisms. One of the main critiques is the potential for minority groups or individuals to suffer as a result of decisions that prioritize the majority. Critics argue that this approach can lead to the oppression or marginalization of vulnerable populations. However, proponents of Utilitarianism counter that properly applied, the model takes into account considerations such as rights and fairness, ensuring that the basic principles of justice are upheld.
In conclusion, I find the Utilitarian decision-making model to be the most useful due to its focus on maximizing overall happiness and minimizing overall pain. The objective basis it provides, coupled with the consideration of long-term consequences and its potential to promote justice and equity, make it a compelling framework for ethical decision-making. While acknowledging its limitations and potential drawbacks, the Utilitarian model offers valuable insights and guidance in navigating complex ethical dilemmas.