The U.S. military has personnel stationed in 140 countries. The military constitutes a ______________ when it is not welcomed by the residents. a. secondary group b. counter culture c. primary group d. subculture
The U.S. military maintains a significant global presence, with personnel stationed in a staggering 140 countries (Neuman, 2018). This expansive deployment serves various strategic and geopolitical objectives, supporting national security interests and promoting stability in different regions. However, the reception and perception of the military presence can vary widely among host country populations. In some instances, the military may not be welcomed by the residents, creating a complex socio-cultural dynamics that can be examined through the lens of sociology.
To understand the dynamics at play when the military is not welcomed by the residents, it is necessary to delve into the concept of culture and the various sociological groups within society. Culture refers to the shared beliefs, values, norms, and practices that shape a society and provide a system of meaning for its members (Henslin, 2018). Sociological groups can be categorized based on their level of importance and connection to individuals. Primary groups, such as families and close friends, involve intimate and long-term relationships that often provide emotional support and a sense of identity. Secondary groups, on the other hand, are larger and more impersonal, serving specific purposes and often formed for shorter periods of time. These groups can include work colleagues, social clubs, or professional associations (Henslin, 2018).
In the context of the military presence in foreign countries, it can be argued that the military constitutes a subculture when it is not welcomed by the residents. A subculture refers to a group within a broader society that shares distinctive beliefs, values, norms, and practices that set them apart from the dominant culture (Henslin, 2018). While the military is a part of the broader society, its unique organizational structure, values, and role in society create a distinct subculture. In instances where the military is not welcomed by the host country residents, a subculture of military personnel may emerge, characterized by a strong sense of camaraderie, discipline, and loyalty to fellow service members.
However, it is important to note that the military does not necessarily constitute a counter culture when it is not welcomed by the residents. A counter culture refers to a group that rejects or opposes the values and norms of the dominant culture and seeks to create an alternative system of beliefs and practices (Henslin, 2018). While the military may face opposition from some segments of the host population, such opposition does not amount to a complete rejection or alternative system of beliefs. Instead, it reflects a complex interplay of political, cultural, and historical factors that shape the perceptions and attitudes of the local population.
The military presence can create tensions and challenges within the host country, particularly in cases where it is not welcomed. These tensions can stem from a range of factors, including cultural differences, concerns about sovereignty and national identity, and the impact of the military on local communities. The extent of opposition or acceptance can vary depending on the specific context and history of the host country. For example, in countries where the military presence is seen as a legacy of colonialism or imperialism, resentment and opposition may be more prevalent.
To better understand the dynamics of the military when not welcomed by the residents, sociologists can employ various theoretical perspectives. One such perspective is conflict theory, which examines how social inequality and power struggles shape social relationships and institutions (Henslin, 2018). When the military is not welcomed by the host country residents, it can be seen through the lens of conflict theory as a manifestation of power dynamics and contestation over resources, influence, and control.