Use Empowerment Theory review this article listed in the Learning Resources: Westefeld, J. S., & Heckman-Stone, C. (2003). The integrated problem-solving model of crisis intervention: Overview and application. The Counseling Psychologist, 31(2), 221–239. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1177/0011000002250638
Title: Empowerment Theory Application in Crisis Intervention: A Review of “The Integrated Problem-Solving Model of Crisis Intervention: Overview and Application” by Westefeld and Heckman-Stone (2003)
Crisis intervention is a critical area of practice in the field of counseling psychology, aiming to provide immediate support and assistance to individuals experiencing an acute emotional or psychological crisis. The article titled “The Integrated Problem-Solving Model of Crisis Intervention: Overview and Application” by Westefeld and Heckman-Stone (2003) discusses a comprehensive model of crisis intervention that incorporates empowerment theory. This review aims to analyze the application of empowerment theory within the framework of the integrated problem-solving model and evaluate its effectiveness in addressing crises.
Summary of the Integrated Problem-Solving Model:
The integrated problem-solving model presented by Westefeld and Heckman-Stone (2003) emphasizes the importance of a holistic approach to crisis intervention. The model consists of six stages: (1) defining the problem, (2) generating an immediate action plan, (3) considering long-term goals, (4) evaluating options and selecting strategies, (5) implementing the plan, and (6) reviewing and modifying the plan as necessary.
Application of Empowerment Theory in Crisis Intervention:
Empowerment theory, rooted in social work and community psychology, focuses on promoting self-efficacy, self-determination, and personal growth. It emphasizes that individuals should be active participants in their own healing process, rather than passive recipients of interventions. Within the integrated problem-solving model, empowerment theory is applied to enhance the crisis intervention process.
Defining the Problem:
In the initial stage of crisis intervention, empowerment theory encourages counselors to engage in collaborative problem definition. This involves actively involving the individual in identifying the issues they are facing and co-creating goals for intervention. By actively involving individuals in the problem-defining process, empowerment theory supports their sense of control, self-determination, and ownership over the intervention process.
Generating an Immediate Action Plan:
Empowerment theory emphasizes the importance of individuals feeling capable and empowered to initiate action. In the context of crisis intervention, this stage requires counselors to support individuals in identifying and implementing immediate strategies to alleviate distress. Empowerment theory suggests that by providing individuals with a sense of agency and equipping them with tools and resources, they can develop the skills and confidence necessary to address their crisis effectively.
Considering Long-Term Goals:
Empowerment theory urges counselors to help individuals identify their long-term goals during a crisis. By encouraging individuals to envision a positive future and helping them recognize their personal strengths and capabilities, counselors can foster a sense of hope and resilience. This approach aligns with the empowerment perspective, which places importance on individuals’ capacity for growth and change.
Evaluating Options and Selecting Strategies:
Empowerment theory emphasizes the importance of individual choice and decision-making. In the context of crisis intervention, this stage involves supporting individuals in evaluating available options and selecting strategies that align with their values, preferences, and strengths. By providing individuals with a range of alternatives and respecting their autonomy, counselors can empower clients to make decisions that best suit their needs and circumstances.
Implementing the Plan:
Empowerment theory promotes individuals’ active participation in implementing the action plan. This stage requires counselors to support and encourage individuals to take steps towards their desired outcomes. By experiencing a sense of ownership and responsibility for their actions, individuals can develop a stronger sense of self-efficacy and empowerment.
Reviewing and Modifying the Plan:
Crisis situations often require adjustments in the intervention plan to address emerging needs and challenges effectively. Empowerment theory encourages counselors to involve individuals in the ongoing assessment of their progress and modify the intervention plan accordingly. By engaging individuals in the evaluation and modification process, empowerment theory promotes their active participation and self-determination in the crisis intervention journey.
Westefeld and Heckman-Stone’s (2003) article highlights the integration of empowerment theory into the framework of the integrated problem-solving model of crisis intervention. Empowerment theory provides a valuable lens through which counselors can engage individuals in an active, collaborative, and empowering crisis intervention process. By applying empowerment principles at each stage of the intervention, counselors can enhance individuals’ sense of control, self-efficacy, and personal growth during times of crisis. Further research and practical applications are necessary to explore the effectiveness of this integration in different contexts and with diverse populations.