Write about Pros and Cons of the adolescent world800 words m…

Write about Pros and Cons of the adolescent world 800 words minimum Must be original work Must MINIMUM of 2 peer-reviewed journal articles Must use proper APA citations APA reference page DUE Tomorrow 7/8/2020 @ 2000 EST

The adolescent world is a period of rapid physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional changes that occur during the transition from childhood to adulthood. It is characterized by increased independence, exploration, and self-identity development. However, this phase of development also poses various challenges and risks. In this essay, we will examine the pros and cons of the adolescent world, drawing on scholarly research to support our analysis.

One of the primary advantages of the adolescent world is the opportunity for self-discovery and identity formation. During this period, individuals begin to explore their values, interests, and beliefs, and develop a sense of who they are as individuals. Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development emphasizes the importance of identity formation in adolescence, stating that successfully navigating this stage leads to a strong and coherent sense of self (Erikson, 1968). This process of self-discovery enables adolescents to cultivate a unique identity and establish their place in society.

Furthermore, the adolescent world offers opportunities for educational and intellectual growth. Cognitive abilities, such as critical thinking, abstract reasoning, and problem-solving, continue to develop during this stage (Piaget, 1964). Adolescents have a heightened capacity for learning and can engage in more complex academic pursuits. The ability to think abstractly allows them to explore various perspectives and to develop a deeper understanding of the world around them.

In addition, adolescents experience a surge in emotional intensity and develop a range of emotional competencies. They become more aware of their emotions and develop skills to regulate and express them appropriately. Emotional intelligence, which involves understanding and managing one’s own emotions and empathizing with others, also develops during this time (Goleman, 1995). This increased emotional awareness and competence can contribute to improved relationships and more effective communication skills.

Despite these advantages, the adolescent world also has its challenges and drawbacks. One significant concern is the increased risk-taking behavior seen in many adolescents. Research has consistently shown that adolescents are more prone to engaging in risky behaviors, such as substance abuse, reckless driving, and unsafe sexual practices (Steinberg, 2008). This propensity for risk-taking is linked to brain development and the way in which the brain’s reward and impulse control systems mature during adolescence. The still-developing prefrontal cortex, responsible for reasoning and impulse control, may struggle to regulate the heightened activation of reward centers in the brain, leading to impulsive decision-making and risk-taking behaviors (Casey et al., 2010).

Furthermore, the adolescent world is also marked by heightened peer influence and a desire for social acceptance. Adolescents often experience pressure to conform to societal norms and peer expectations, which can sometimes lead to negative outcomes. This desire for acceptance may result in risky behaviors, such as substance use or involvement in delinquent activities (Allen et al., 2006). Moreover, the influence of peers can sometimes lead to a negative impact on academic performance, as adolescents may prioritize social relationships over academic responsibilities.

Another challenge of the adolescent world is the potential for the development of mental health issues. Adolescence is a time of increased vulnerability to mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. The stress of academic demands, peer relationships, and changing social roles can contribute to the onset or exacerbation of these conditions (Birmaher et al., 1996). It is crucial to support adolescent mental health by promoting awareness, providing accessible mental health services, and reducing stigma around seeking help.

In conclusion, the adolescent world presents both advantages and challenges. This period offers opportunities for self-discovery, intellectual growth, and emotional development. Adolescents have the chance to explore their identities, acquire knowledge, and develop emotional competencies. However, the adolescent world is also associated with increased risk-taking behaviors, peer influence, and vulnerability to mental health issues. It is imperative to recognize these factors and provide appropriate support and guidance to help adolescents navigate this transformative stage successfully.

References:
Allen, J., Miga, E., & Sulik, M. (2006). Adolescence, alcohol use, and antisocial behavior: A novel gene-environment correlation mechanism. Psychology, Crime & Law, 12(1), 29-44.

Birmaher, B., Ryan, N. D., Williamson, D. E., Brent, D. A., Kaufman, J., Dahl, R. E., . . . Nelson, B. (1996). Childhood and adolescent depression: A review of the past 10 years: Part I. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 35(11), 1427-1439.

Casey, B. J., Getz, S., & Galvan, A. (2008). The adolescent brain. Developmental Review, 28(1), 62-77.

Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. WW Norton & Company.

Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence. Bantam Books.

Piaget, J. (1964). Development and learning. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2(3), 176-186.

Steinberg, L. (2008). A social neuroscience perspective on adolescent risk-taking. Developmental Review, 28(1), 78-106.